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Human Anatomy: Unit 1
 This page was last updated on 15-Jun-02

Main Menu / Study Aids / Self-Tests / Human Anatomy: Histology & The Skeletal System

   Self-Tests - Human Anatomy:
    Histology & The Skeletal System
C
hoose the best answer for each question.  At the end of the quiz, click on the "Get Score" button and your quiz will automatically be graded.  The correct reponses will appear in the box underneath your score.

This test has 40 questions, covering general anatomy, histology and the skeletal system.  It is the first of five quizzes in the Human Anatomy section.  Good luck!

1. By far, the majority of the terms that form the language of anatomy are derived from Greek and
Latin
Roman
English
Arabic

2. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of mammals?
three-chambered heart
left aortic arch
three ear ossicles
muscular diaphragm

3. The taxonomic scheme, from specific to general is
species, class, order, phylum
genus, family, kingdom, phylum
species, family, class, kingdom
genus, phylum, class, kingdom

4. Histological classification of epithelial cells is based on the number of layers of cells and their
staining properties
location
shape
size

5. Where would one NOT find simple squamous epithelium?
mesothelium
lymph vessels
veins
skin

6. Phagocytosis is a function of which connective tissue type?
adipose
reticular
bone
areolar

7. The intervertebral discs are composed of
elastic connective tissue
elastic cartilage
fibrocartilage
hyaline cartilage

8. Intercalated discs are found in
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
skeletal muscle
cardiac and skeletal muscle

9. Chromosomes divide and are pulled to opposite ends of the cell during
telophase
metaphase
prophase
anaphase

10. If you want to separate the abdominal from the thoracic cavity, which plane would you use?
transverse
sagittal
coronal
frontal

11. The subdivisions of the dorsal cavity include the
thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
abdominal and pelvic cavities
cranial and spinal cavities
pleural and pericardial cavities

12. All but which one of the following are types of serous membranes?
pleura
perichondrium
pericardium
peritoneum

13. Which of the following are the three components of the connective tissue layers and wrappings that create the internal framework of the body?
tendons, aponeuroses, ligaments
superficial fascia, deep fascia, subserous fascia
hypodermis, dermis, epidermis
pericardium, peritoneum, pleura

14. The growth in length of a bone is at the
articular cartilage
center of the shaft
diaphyseal line
epiphyseal plate

15. The structures of the humerus that accept projections of the ulna in flexion and extension are
intertubercular groove, radial groove
coronoid fossa, olecranon fossa
medial epicondyle, lateral epicondyle
radial fossa, trochlear notch

16. The activity of _____ results in producing new bone matrix, while that of _____ can remove bone matrix
osteocytes, osteoblasts
osteoblasts, osteocytes
osteoclasts, osteocytes
osteoclasts, osteoblasts

17. The component bones of the pectoral girdle include
ilium and pubis
clavicle and scapula
scapula and humerus
radius and ulna

18. Among the prominent bone markings of the scapula are the
supraspinous fossa, patellar fossa, iliac fossa
superior border, medial angle, inferior border
coracoid process, acromion process, scapular spine
olecranon process, coronoid process, styloid process

19. The two proximal carpals that articulate with the radius in making the wrist joints are the
scaphoid and lunate
triangular and scaphoid
triangular and pisiform
lunate and pisiform

20. Among the prominent bone markings of the tibia are the
interochanteric line, interochanteric crest, patellar surface
anterior crest, tibial tuberosity, medial malleolus
lateral malleolus, anterior crest, interosseous crest
medial malleolus, lateral malleolus, tibial crest

21. The mastoid process is a bony extension of the
occipital bone
parietal bone
sphenoid bone
temporal bone

22. The sella turcica, supporting the pituitary gland, is part of the
frontal bone
sphenoid bone
nasal bone
ethmoid bone

23. A structural feature of a typical cervical vertebra is
a transverse foramen
a dens
a long spinous process
a fovea

24. The head of the femur articulates with the
glenoid cavity
acetabulum
obturator foramen
patella

25. The medial malleolus is a process on the
tibia
calcaneus
fibula
talus

26. Which of the following is not a principal chordate characteristic?
dorsal hollow nerve cord
distinct head, thorax and abdomen
notochord
pharyngeal pouches

27. The ventral cavity is composed of all of the following body cavities except
the thoracic cavity
the abdominal cavity
the spinal cavity
the pelvic cavity

28. At birth, the skin of a neonate is covered with a grayish, cheeselike substance called
lanugo
mongolian spots
milia
vernix caseosa

29. Which is not a characteristic of the epidermis?
highly vascular
contains melanin and keratin
distinctly stratified
gives rise to subaceous and sweat glands

30. Most of the skeleton is formed by
intramembranous ossification
cartilaginous ossification
ossification
endochondral ossification

31. Which epidermal layer is lacking within the skin of the head and torso?
stratum spinosum
stratum corneum
stratum lucidum
stratum basale

32. Which of the following is an opening into bone?
fossa
fovea
sulcus
fissure

33. Which suture extends from the anterior to the posterior fontanel?
lambdoidal
coronal
squamosal
sagittal

34. The facial bone that is not paired is the
lacrimal
vomer
palatine
maxilla

35. The roughened vertical ridge on the posterior surface of the femoral shaft is the
greater trochanter
linea aspera
patellar surface
foyea capitis

36. Bones which form in tendons in response to stress are called
cartilaginous bones
sesamoid bones
latent bones
patellar bones

37. Which is not part of the appendicular skeleton?
vertebral column
patella
clavicle
os coxae

38. Of the 11 organ systems, the only one that can be observed from the surface of the body is the
lymphatic
muscular
integumentary
endocrine

39. Which pair of directional terms would describe movement along a frontal plane?
medial, lateral
anterior, posterior
proximal, rostral
cephalic, dorsal

40. Which portion of the sternum attaches to the greatest number of ribs?
manubrium
body
xiphoid process
os coxae

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