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Human Anatomy: Unit 5
 This page was last updated on 15-Jun-02

Main Menu / Study Aids / Self-Tests / Human Anatomy: Reproductive & Digestive Systems

   Self-Tests - Human Anatomy:
  Reproductive & Digestive Systems
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hoose the best answer for each question.  At the end of the quiz, click on the "Get Score" button and your quiz will automatically be graded.  The correct reponses will appear in the box underneath your score.

This test has 40 questions, covering the reproductive, urinary and digestive systems.  It is the final quiz out of five in the Human Anatomy section.  Good luck!

1. Which of the following organs is not considered part of the digestive system?
pancreas
spleen
tongue
gallbladder

2. The hepatic flexure of the large intestine occurs between the:
transverse colon and descending colon
cecum and ascending colon
ascending colon and transverse colon
descending colon and sigmoid colon

3. The terminal (end) portion of the small intestine is the:
ileum
cecum
duodenum
jejeunum

4. Which of the following structures could not be seen when looking directly into the oral cavity?
lingual frenulum
uvula
palatine tonsil
epiglottis

5. The functional unit of the urinary system is the:
calyx
nephron
glomerulus
urinary bladder

6. Which of the following lists the layers of the digestive tract in the correct order, from the interior outward?
serosa, mucularis externa, submucosa, mucosa
serosa, mucularis externa, mucosa, submucosa
mucosa, submucosa, mucularis externa, serosa
submucosa, mucosa, mucularis externa, serosa

7. Which of the following are NOT structures of the reproductive system?
gonads
external genitalia
ducts
gametes

8. The spermatic cord contains which of the following?
ductus deferens
testicular artery and vein
ilioinguinal and genitofemoral nerves
all of the above

9. From superior to inferior, the structural parts of the uterus are:
cervix, isthmus, body, fundus
fundus, body, isthmus, cervix
body, fundus, cervix, isthmus
isthmus, fundus, body, cervix

10. Which of the following are functions of the digestive system?
ingestion, mechanical processing, digestion
secretion, absorption, compaction
excretion, defense of surrounding tissues
all of the above

11. The component of the digestive tract whose function is to break down materials chemically through acid and enzymatic attack is the:
small intestine
large intestine
stomach
pancreas

12. The three pairs of salivary glands that secrete into the oral cavity are:
alpha, beta, gamma
parotid, sublingual, submandibular
palatal, lingual, mesial
gastric, parietal, chief

13. Which selection does NOT correctly pair a type of tooth with its description?
incisors - one or two roots and spoon-shaped
cuspids - one root and conical with a pointed tip
bicuspids - one or two roots and flattened crowns
molars - three or more roots and very large, flattened crowns

14. The three phases of the swallowing process are:
mastication, eruption, dentition
oral, cranial, pharyngeal
buccal, pharyngeal, esophageal
cardiac, gastric, pyloric

15. The function of the villi and microvilli in the small intestine is to:
decrease the amount of exposed surface
increase the total area of enzyme retention
increase the total area for absorption
all of the above

16. Which of the following lists the four regions of the stomach in the correct order, from superior to inferior end?
pylorus, fundus, cardia, body
cardia, body, fundus, pylorus
cardia, fundus, body, pylorus
bodym cardia, pylorus, fundus

17. From superior end downward, the three parts of the small intestine are:
ileum, duodenum, jejunum
duodenum, jejunum, ileum
jejunum, ileum, duodenum
duodenum, ileum, jejunum

18. Which sequence lists the parts of the large intestine in order from the small intestine to the exterior?
cecum, rectum, colon
colon, rectum, cecum
cecum, colon, rectum
colon, cecum, rectum

19. Which sequence correctly traces the flow of urine through the collecting system of the kidney?
papillary ducts, collecting tubules, collecting ducts
papillary ducts, collecting ducts, collecting tubules
collecting tubules, collecting ducts, papillary ducts
collecting ducts, collecting tubules, papillary ducts

20. Which sequence correctly traces blood flow from the renal artery to the afferent arterioles?
segmental, interlobular, interlobar, arcuate
interlobar, interlobular, arcuate, segmental
arcuate, segmental, interlobular, interlobar
segmental, interlobar, arcuate, interlobular

21. The funnel-shaped upper end of the ureter is the _____; the lower end of the ureter penetrates the posterior wall of the _____.
renal sinus, urinary bladder
renal pelvis, urinary bladder
renal sinus, urethra
renal pelvis, urethra

22. Synthesis and secretion of bile is a major digestive function of the:
gallbladder
liver
pancreas
small intestine

23. Name the hormone that stimulates the conversion from primordial to primary follicles and subsequent follicular development.
LH
FSH
estrogen
progesterone

24. The testes are moved away from or toward the body in order to maintain the acceptable temperature for normal sperm development by the:
cremaster muscle
dartos muscle
tunica vaginalis
perineal raphe

25. Important accessory glands of the male reproductive system include:
epididymis, ductus deferens, seminal vesicles
prostrate gland, adrenal glands, seminal vesicles
bulbourethral glands, prostate gland, seminal vesicles
bulbourethral glands, prostate gland, adrenal glands

26. Which of the following is NOT a function of the vagina?
serves as a passageway for eliminating menstrual fluids
provides an environment conducive to fertilization
receives the penis during sexual intercourse
forms the lower portion of the birth canal in childbirth

27. Egg cell production, or _____, occurs on a monthly basis as part of the ovarian cycle, within specialized structures called _____.
ovulation, primary oocytes
meiosis, primordial follicles
ovulogenesis, tertiary follicles
oogenesis, ovarian follicles

28. The prominent longitudinal folds of the mucosa that nearly disappear when the stomach expands are the:
semilunar folds
rugae
circular folds
microvilli

29. Each kidney has its superior surface capped by:
the spleen
the transverse colon
the adrenal gland
the parathyroid gland

30. Which of the following statements concerning the male and female reproductive systems is false?
both are homologous
both are cyclic
both develop in the fetus as a result of hormonal stimulation
both are hormonally controlled

31. Which of the following is true of both the female clitoris and the male penis?
has an exposed glans
has a prepuce and a crura
has corpora cavernosa erectile tissue
all of the above

32. Which of the following describes the uterine tube?
lining is ciliated and nonciliated columnar epithelium
concentric layers of smooth muscle surround the mucosa
ciliary movement and peristaltic contractions of the walls transport the ovum
all of the above

33. Histologically, the stomach lining comprises:
an inner cellular layer of simple columnar epithelium
cells within the epithelium that secrete a carpet of mucous
shallow gastric pits that contain rapidly dividing mucous cells
all of the above

34. The _____ form a capillary plexus around the convoluted tubules; surrounding the loop of Henle are long capillaries called the _____:
vasa recta, peritubular capillaries
peritubular capillaries, interlobular capillaries
peritubular capillaries, vasa recta
vasa recta, interlobular capillaries

35. The components of the uterine wall from exterior to interior are:
mucosal endometrium, muscular myometrium, serosal perimetrium
muscular myometrium, serosal perimetrium, mucosal endometrium
serosal perimetrium, muscular myometrium, mucosal endometrium
longitudinal, circular and oblique layers of smooth muscle

36. The hollow, muscular organ that temporarily stores urine is the:
trigone
detrusor
urinary bladder
urachus

37. A blockage in a glomerulus would directly obstruct blood flow into which vessel?
afferent arteriole
efferent arteriole
interlobular artery
interlobar artery

38. What three physical barriers must filtrate cross within the renal corpuscle?
capsular space, vascular pole and macula densa
podocytes, pedicels and slit pores
capillary endothelium, basement membrane and glomerular epithelium
proximal convoluted tubules, collecting tubules and papillary ducts

39. Which of the following is NOT a structural component of the large intestine?
goblet cells
epiploic appendages
plicae circulares
haustra

40. Which structure penetrates the prostate gland to empty into the urethra?
ampulla
ejaculatory duct
seminal vesicles
ductus deferens

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